How metaphysics demonstrates that Artificial Intelligence can’t be defined as intelligence?


This week in the section of the International Research Weekly we share with you on the extended essay of philosophy from our ALUMNI Luis Alfonso Molina Íten (2009), who was advised by professor Lic. Alejandro Cuéllar Cabrera, professor of this subject for the International Baccalaureate Program (IB).

The size of increase in this field has been such that it has been said and thought that it will surpass human intelligence. The actual society is looking for facilities and ways of making life easier; Artificial Intelligence is said to be this great facility. So, this paper seeks to counter with philosophical arguments, more specific metaphysics arguments; the fact that Artificial Intelligence is supposed to surpass human intelligence. But why is it that programmers and other specialists are so excited about Artificial Intelligence? 

To better understand this encouragement, I will outline the history of Artificial Intelligence and its achievements, using these same examples of Artificial Intelligence to counter them with metaphysical arguments. I then consider three metaphysical-based arguments against Artificial Intelligence: the metaphysics, the sensitive and intelligence and free will. In the metaphysics I consider many of the main subjects, which are important to be considered to counter the Artificial Intelligence. And the sensitive, the intelligence and free will, those are branches of the metaphysics too, but are to extent and need to be considered separately. I try to answer with pragmatism, not including the immaterial side of metaphysics but in the conclusion. Finally in my conclusion I try to bring together all my arguments through the Ways of Knowledge. Concluding about why the Artificial Intelligence can’t surpass human intelligence, with the most important arguments.

In order to read the complete extended essay:

The concept of Artificial Intelligence was first used by the programmer John McCarthy en 1956. That same year the Darthmouth conference was celebrated, in Hannover (United States). In this conference McCarthy next to Marvin Minsky, Nathaniel Rochester and Claude E. Shannon, established the fundaments of Artificial Intelligence, and proposed it as a branch inside computer science. For Minsky intelligence “is the way of solving problems that have not yet been understood, because once they are understood one knows how to solve a problem, and is not seen as something that needs intelligence.”[1]

Next week we will be sharing another research work carried out by one of our ALUMNI and with the support received from the professor of the subject chosen by him and who is part of the faculty in the International Baccalaureate Program at Colegio APDE El Roble.

#SoyInfluencer #SeFuerteSeRoble #RezoPorElFinDeLaPandemia

[1] Translated from Daniel Borrajo, Natalia Juristo, Vicente Martínez, Juan Pasos, Inteligencia Artificial Métodos y Técnicas, Editorial Centro de Estudios Ramon Areces, S.A. 1997, pág. 33.  (see Appendix) 07:07 pm. July 25, 2009.